Skip to main content

What is false dilemma fallacy?

    목차

 


What is the false dilemma fallacy?


 
The false dilemma fallacy is an informal fallacy. False dilemma fallacy refers to making binary judgments like A and not A. An extreme composition is caused by false dilemma fallacy.

Characteristics of false dilemma fallacy


 The false dilemma fallacy is an informal fallacy.


The false dilemma fallacy is mainly error-prone with extreme dichotomies such as "morality and immorality, strong and weak".
The only time a dichotomy makes sense is when a clear dichotomy can be used.
The false dilemma fallacy often occurs when logical contradictions are discovered or disadvantaged.


An example of the False dilemma fallacy


  "Everything we do is right. Anyone who criticizes us is immoral."

The example above is an example of a typical False dilemma fallacy. Most of the elements that people make up, whether human or group, cannot be simply divided into a dichotomy between good and evil. Humans and groups are three-dimensional beings. In other words, it does not exist only at both extremes, but exists in a variety of ways.

If we think of it as a figure, humans can be seen as three-dimensional beings like a cube, not a simple rectangle. Because it is a three-dimensional being, it is difficult to judge a person as moral or immoral simply by expressing support for or opposition to an event.


A three-line summary of the False dilemma fallacy

-False dilemma fallacy is an informal error of dichotomy.
-False dilemma fallacy is an error often made when a logical contradiction occurs or when you are in a corner.
- False dilemma fallacy leaves only two extremes.




이 글도 관심 있으실 것 같아요!

What is Pseudocertainty effect?

  Definition of Pseudocertainty effect The pseudocertainty effect refers to the phenomenon of mistaking the uncertain for the certain. Because it is false certainty, it is also called the quasi-certainty effect or the false certainty effect. Features of the Pseudocertainty effect     The Pseudocertainty effect creates a tendency to ignore probabilities.     The Pseudocertainty effect makes it impossible to make rational judgments about probabilities.     The Pseudocertainty effect leads to hasty decisions. Examples of Pseudocertainty effects   The Pseudocertainty effect is easily seen in advertising or marketing. Most of the events that are written as 100% winning like the above phrase require additional conditions. Alternatively, the quality or price of the product itself may be different. For example,   As such, the smartphone or smartwatch that many people want is given to only a small fraction of the lottery, and 100 points are given to all participants, giving the phrase 100% winn

Game Theory : I will find the optimal strategy

  Definition of Game Theory   Game theory is the study of strategic decision-making in situations where people interact with each other. It's like deciding 'which movie to watch', where everyone's choices affect others. Here, each 'player' tries to find the optimal strategy to maximize their benefits. Examples of Game Theory   The 'Prisoner's Dilemma' is a classic example of game theory. It depicts a situation where two prisoners must decide whether to cooperate or betray each other. It's similar to deciding 'who gets the last piece of pizza', where each choice impacts the other person. In the real world, it applies in various scenarios. For instance, when companies engage in price wars, they predict each other's pricing and adjust their strategies accordingly. This is akin to competing for 'who offers more discounts'. Lessons from Game Theory   The most important lesson is to predict the behavior of others and adjust yo

What is a base rate neglect?

   Definition of base rate neglect Ignoring the base rate refers to a cognitive bias that ignores probabilities and makes judgments contrary to statistics. Ignoring the base rate is also called the base rate error. Characteristics of base rate neglect   Base rate neglect results in ignoring statistics and making judgments based on impressive subjective experience.   Base rate neglect makes you judge based on your own stereotypes. Base rate neglect is also related to the representativeness heuristic. Information that comes to mind is given priority over statistics. Example of base rate neglect There are people who read the financial newspaper every day and look at the stock market every day. What kind of job is this person likely to have? 1. This person is most likely a Wall Street brokerage analyst. 2. This person is most likely a student. The answer is number two. Because of their descriptions of economic newspapers and the stock market, you are likely to think of them as securities a